A number of historical gateways remain close by, the best of which are the Famagusta Gate and the Pafos Gate. In North Nicosia, the Selimiye Mosque (Selimiye Camii) is a major landmark and its beautiful minarets certainly stand out on the city's skyline, being added by the Ottomans in the latter part of the 16th century. As the Cypriot capital, Nicosia is home to some of the island's most significant museums. The acclaimed Cyprus Museum really does stand out in South Nicosia and is known for its archaeological relics collected from the Tamassos necropolis, and terracotta figures from Agia Irini. The Cyprus Jewellery Museum, the Ethnographic Museum and the Leventis Municipal Museum are further cultural highlights.
For Cypriot art at its most impressive, then the Art Gallery of Makarios III Foundation is the place to visit, along with the Municipal Arts Centre and Library. Being relatively close to the heart of Cyprus, Nicosia serves as a good base to investigate the island. Just a 30-minute drive to the north, the harbour front tourist attractions and beaches of Kyrenia are popular. Head south-west and you will soon encounter the site of Ancient Tamassos, where a couple of remarkable tombs date from the 6th century BC. Also close to Nicosia, the Maheras Monastery, the Mesaoria Villages and the Monastery of Agios Irakleidos are all within driving distance, along with the sizeable modern town of Strovolos, where museums, parks, lakes, outdoor amphitheatres and the Municipal Sport Centre are to be found.